Green HRM and Environmental (Green) Attitude: Do Green HRM Practices of Sri Lankan Tiles Industry Affect to Determine the Environmental (Green) Attitudes of the Employees?
Keywords:GHRM, Environmental (Green) Attitudes, Tiles Industry
Green Human Resource Management (GHRM) plays a key role to determine the green practices in any organization. There are various ways of developing green practices within the organization through GHRM. Among the different ways, developing green attitude among the employees is important and significant. This study is aimed at discussing the impact of GHRM towards developing the environmental (green) attitudes among the employees. 81 employees in the Sri Lankan Tiles Industry was selected through simple random sampling method. Self-developed two instruments were used to gather the primary data from the sample and correlation analysis and simple regression analysis were used to analyse the data. The major finding of the study is that there is a significant impact (8.2%) from GHRM towards developing the environmental (green) attitudes among the employees.
Ahmad, S. 2015. Green human resource management: Policies and practices. Cogent Business & Management, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 1-13.
Arulrajah, A. and Opatha, H. H. D. N. P. 2016. Analytical and Theoretical Perspectives on Green Human Resource Management: A Simplified Underpinning, International Business Research, Vol. 9, No. 12, pp. 153-164.
Arulrajah, A.A., Opatha, H.H.D.N.P. & Nawaratne, N.N.J. 2015. Green human resource management practices, Sri Lankan Journal of human resource management, vol 5, No. 1, pp. 1-16.
Bangwal, D. and Tiwari, P. (2015). Green HRM-A way to greening the environment, IOSR Journal of Business and Management, Vol. 17, No. 12, pp. 45-53.
Bombaik, K.E. & Kluska, A.M. 2018. Green human resource management as a tool for the sustainable development of enterprise: Polish young company experience”, Sustainability, vol 10, pp. 1-22.
Carter, C. and Dressner, M. 2001. Purchasing role in environment management: Cross Functional development of Grounded theory, Journal of Supply Chain Management, pp. 12-27.
Carter, C. and Dressner, M. 2001. Purchasing’s Role in Environmental Management: Cross-functional Development of Grounded Theory, The Journal of Supply Chain Management, pp. 12-27.
Cheema, S. and Javed, F. 2017. The effect of corporate social responsibility toward green human resource management: The mediating role of sustainable environment, Cogent Business and Management, Vol. 4, pp. 1-10.
Chowdhury, S. H., Poy, S. K., Arafin, M. and Siddiquee, S. 2019. Green HRM practices and its impact on employee work satisfaction: A case study on IBBL, Bangladesh International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science (IJRISS), Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 129-138.
Coskun, A. 2018. “Understanding green attitudes”, F. Quoquah, R. Thurasamy, J. Mohammad (eds), Driving green consumerism through strategic sustainability marketing, A Value in the Practice, Progress and Profitability in Sustainability (PPPS) Book Series, USA, IGI Global.
Das, S. C. and Singh, R. K. 2016. Green HRM and organizational sustainability: An empirical review, Kegees Journal of Social Science, Vol. 8, No. 1&2, pp. 227-236.
Das, S. S. and Singh, R. 2016. Green HRM and Orgainsational suitability: An Empirical Review, Kegees Journal of Social Science, Vol. 8, pp. 227-236.
DeCanio, S. J. 1998. The efficiency paradox: bureaucratic and organizational barriers to profitable energy saving investments, Energy Policy, Vol. 26, No. 5, pp. 441-454.
Ditz. D., Ranganathan, J. and Banks, R. D. 1995. Green Ledgers: Case Studies in Corporate Environmental Accounting, World Resources Institute, Washington.
Dumont, J., Shen, J. and Deng, X. 2016. Effects of green HRM practices on employee workplace green behaviour: The role of psychological green climate and employee green values, Human Resource Management, Wiley Periodicals, Inc, Wiley Online Library, wileyonline1.brary.com.
Dunlap, R. E., Van Liere, K. D., Mertig, A. G. and Jones, R. E. 2000. Measuring Endorsement of the New Ecological Paradigm: A Revised NEP Scale, Journal of Social Issues, Vol. 56, No. 3, pp. 425–442.
Dunlap, R. E., Van Liere, K. D., Mertig, A. G. and Jones, R. E. 2000. Measuring endorsement of the New Ecological Paradigm: A revised NEP scale, Journal of Social Issues, Vol. 56, No. 3, pp. 425-442.
Fernandez, E., Junquera, B. and Ordiz, M. 2003. Organizational culture and human resources in the environmental issue, International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 634-656.
Garavan, T. N., Heraty, N., Rock, A. and Dalton, E. 2010. Conceptualizing the Behavioral Barriers to CSR and CS in Organizations: A Typology of HRD Interventions, Advances in Developing Human Resources, Vol. 12, No. 5, pp. 587–613.
Guerci, M., Montanari, F., Scapolan, A. & Epifanio, A. 2016. Green and non-green recruitment practices for attracting job applicants: Exploring independent and interactive effects, The international Journal of Human Resource Management, vol 27, No. 2, pp. 129-150.
Hillary, R. (2004), Environmental management systems and the smaller enterprise, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 12, pp. 561-569.
Jabbour, C. J. C., and Santos, F. C. A. 2008. Relationships between human resource dimensions and environmental management in companies: Proposal of a model, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 51-58.
Jabbour, C. J. C., Santos, F. C. A. and Nagano, M. S. 2010. Contribution of HRM throughout the stages of environmental management: Methodological triangulation applied to companies in Brazil, The International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 21, No.7-9, pp. 1049-1089.
Johar, F. and Razak, M. R. 2015. The right attitude to sustain the green neighbourhoods, Procedia-Social and Behavioural Science, Vol. 202, pp. 135-143.
Kaiser, F. G., Wölfing, S. and Fuhler, U. 1999. Environmental attitude and ecological behaviour, Journal of Environmental Psychology, Vol. 19, pp. 1–19.
Kamalakkannan, S., Peiris, R. L. and Kulatunga, A. K. 2019. Life cycle assessment in ceramic floor tile industry in Sri Lanka, Proceedings of the International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Bangkok, Thailand, March 5-7.
Kamaruddin, N. F., Ahmad, A., Omar, K., Mat, N. H. N. and Salleh, A. M. M. 2017. Green work life balance, green human resource management practices on employee satisfaction, Asia International Multidisciplinary Conference, The European Proceedings of Social and Behavioral Sciences, pp. 1222-1231.
Kempton,W., Boster, J. and Hartley, J. 1995. Environmental Values in American Culture, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Kim, S. H., Kim, M., Han, H. S. and Holland, S. 2016. The determinants of hospitality employees’ pro-environmental behaviors: The moderating role of generational differences, International Journal of Hospitality Management, Vol. 52, pp.56-67.
Kottawatta, H. 2018. Research Guide Book, Department of Human Resource Management, University of Sri Jayewardenepura.
Likhikar, P. and Verma, P. 2017. Impact of green HRM practices on organizational sustainability and employee retention, International Journal of Innovative Research in Multidisciplinary Field, Vol. 3, No. 5, pp. 152-157.
Mashala, Y. L. 2018. Green HRM and environmental sustainability in Tanzania: A review and research agenda, International Journal of Academic Multidisciplinary Research (IJAMR), Vol. 2, No. 12, pp. 60-68.
McDonagh, P. and Prothero, A. 1997. Green Management: A Reader, London, UK: Dryden Press.
Milfont, T. L. (2007), Psychology of environmental attitudes: A cross-cultural study of their content and structure, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
Milfont, T. L. and Duckitt, J. 2010. The environmental attitudes inventory: A valid and reliable measure to assess the structure of environmental attitudes, Journal of Environmental Psychology, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 80–94.
Milliman, J., and Clair, J. 1996. Best environmental HRM practices in the U.S. In Wehrmeyer, W. (ed.), Greening People: Human Resources and Environmental Management, Sheffield: Greenleaf Publishing, pp. 49-73.
Mohiduddian, M., Mamun, A. A., Syed, F. A., Masud, M. M. and Su, Z. 2018. Environmental knowledge@ awareness and business school students’ intentions to purchase green vehicles in emerging countries, Sustainability, Vol. 10, pp. 1-8.
Mohrman, S. A.; Worley, C. G. 2010. The organizational sustainability journey: Introduction to the special issue, Organizational Dynamic, Vol. 39, pp. 289–294.
Muthukannan, K., Sankar, A. and Ganesh, C. 2018. The environmental impact caused by the ceramic industries and assessment methodologies, International Journal for Quality Research, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 315-334.
Naffziger, D. W., Ahmed, N. U. and Montagno, R. V. 2003. Perceptions of environmental consciousness in U.S. small businesses: An empirical study, Advanced Management Journal, Vol. 68, No. 2.
Norton, T. A., Parkey, S., Zacher, H. and Ashkansy, N. M. 2015. Employee green behaviour: A theoretical framework, multilevel review and future research agenda, Organization and Environment, Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 103-125.
Ones, D. S. and Dilchert, S. 2012. Environmental sustainability at work: A call to action, Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 444-466
Opatha, H. H. D. N. P. and Arulrajah, A. A. 2014. Green human resource management: Simplified general reflections, International Business Research, Vol. 7, No. 8, pp. 101-112.
Opatha, H.H.D.N.P. 2013. Green human resource management: A simplified introduction, Proceedings of the HR Dialogue, vol 1, No. 1, pp. 12-21.
Opatha, H.H.D.N.P. 2019. Sustainable Human Resource Management. Sri Lanka: Author.
Owen, D. (ed) 1992. Green reporting: Accountancy and the challenge of the nineties, London, UK: Chapman Hall.
Peattie, K. 1992. Green Marketing, London, UK: Pitman.
Perez, O., Amichai-Hamburger, Y., and Shterental, T. (2009), The dynamic of corporate self-regulation: ISO 14001, environmental commitment, and organizational citizenship behavior, Law and Society Review, Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 593-630.
Peterson, R. B. 2004. A Call for Testing our Assumptions: Human Resource Management Today, Journal of Management Inquiry, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 192–202.
Pham, N. T., Phan, Q. P. T., Tučková, Z., Vo, N. and Phan, Q. P. T. 2019. Green human resource management and employee commitment towards the environment: An interaction model, Journal of Business Economics and Management, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 446-465.
Pham, N. T., Phan, Q. P. T., Tučková, Z., Vo, N., and Nguyen, L. H. L. 2018. Enhancing the organizational citizenship behavior for the environment: the roles of green training and organizational culture, Management & Marketing, Challenges for the Knowledge Society, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 1174-1189.
Pinzone, M., Guerci, M., Lettieri, E., and Redman, T. 2016. Progressing in the change journey towards sustainability in healthcare: The role of “Green” HRM, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol.122, pp. 201-211.
Ramasamy, A., Inore, I. and Sauna, R. 2017. A study on implications of implementing green HRM in the corporate bodies with special reference to developing nations, International Journal of Business and Management, Vol. 12, No. 9, pp. 117-129.
Renwick, D., Redman, T. and Maguire, S. 2013. Green human resource management: A review and research agenda, International Journal of Management Reviews, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 1- 14.
Renwick, D., Redman, T. and Maquire, S. 2008. Green HRM: A Review, Process Model, a Research Agenda, Discussion Paper Series. University of Sheffield Management School, the University of Sheffield.
Safari, A, Salehzadeh, R, Panahi, R & Abolghasemian, S. 2018. “Multiple pathways linking environmental knowledge and awareness to employees’ green behavior”, Corporate Governance: The International Journal of Business in Society, vol 18, No. 1, pp. 81-103.
Sekaran, U. 1992. Research Methods for Business, United states of America, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Schultz, P. W., Shriver, C., Tabanico, J. J. and Khazian, A. M. (2004), Implicit connections with nature, Journal of Environmental Psychology, Vol. 24, No.1, pp. 31-42.
Shaban, S. 2019. Reviewing the Concept of Green HRM (GHRM) and Its Application Practices (Green Staffing) with Suggested Research Agenda: A Review from Literature Background and Testing Construction perspective, International Business Research, Vol. 12, No. 5, pp. 86-94.
Shaban, S. 2019. Reviewing the concept of green HRM and its application practice (Green staffing) with suggested research agenda: A review from literature background and testing construction perspective, International Business Research, Vol. 12, No. 5, pp. 86-94.
Sharma, R. and Gupta, N. 2015. Green HRM: An innovative approach to environmental sustainability, Twelfith ALMS International Conference on Management, 205 January, Calicut, India, pp. 825-830.
Stern, P. C. and Dietz, T. 1994. The Value Basis of Environmental Concern, Journal of Social Issues, Vol. 50, No. 3, pp. 65–84.
Tallon, P. P. 2008. Inside the Adaptive Enterprise: An Information Technology Capabilities Perspective on Business Process Agility, Information Technology and Management, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 21–36.
Wehrmeyer, W. 1996. (ed.), Greening People: Human Resources and Environmental Management, Sheffield: Greenleaf Publishing (32), pp. 339-356.
Whitmarsh, L. and O’Neill, S. 2010. Green identity, green living? The role of pro-environmental self-identity in determining consistency across diverse pro-environmental behaviors, Journal of Environmental Psychology, Vol. 30, pp. 305–314.
Zaid, A.A., Bon, A.T. & Jaaron, A.A.M. 2018, Green human resource management bundle practices and manufacturing organizations for performance optimization: a conceptual model, International Journal of Engineering & Technology, vol 7, No. 1, pp. 87-91.
Zoogah, D. B. 2011. The dynamics of green HRM behaviors: A cognitive social information processing approach, German Journal of Research in Human Resource Management, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 117-139.